Why is drug
testing so important?
Drug abuse in
the workplace costs many billions of dollars each year. It also
has a negative effect on the security of the work environment. Drug
and alcohol abuse has become such a growing concern that law enforcement
agencies and hospitals routinely test as part of assessing the overall
condition of an individual. Due to the fact that drug users miss
more days of work and are late for work more often than non-drug
users, some employers include a drug screening test as part of the
When might an
employer consider asking an existing employee to submit to a drug
ask an employee to submit to a drug test if there is a suspicion
that the employee may be using or abusing drugs or alcohol. The
employee might suddenly be exhibiting episodes of short-term memory
loss, slow learning, confusion, anxiety and what appears to be toxic
delirium. Also, some employers will perform a drug test if the employee
is being considered for a promotion.
What drugs are
being tested for?
the drugs of abuse being tested for include: marijuana, cocaine,
barbiturates, amphetamine, methamphetamine (Ecstasy), Oxycontin,
opium, heroin, morphine, methadone, phencyclidine, angel dust (PCP)
What kinds of
test kits are used for drug testing?
There are a
number of FDA-approved, relatively low-cost urine drug testing kits
available for purchase by individuals or professionals. These tests
follow the guidelines of the National Institute on Drug Abuse and
the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. There are a numerous
urine test kits, some of which test only for one drug and others
which can test for up to as many as ten different drugs. Other means
of drug testing are the sweat patch, hair tests and saliva tests.
are the urine drug tests?
test kits can be used to detect various traces of drugs and their
metabolites with up to 99% accuracy, but they provide only preliminary
analytical results. A more specific scientific method (gas chromatography/mass
spectrometry) must be used to confirm the results. In other words,
when drug of abuse preliminary test results are positive, clinical
consideration plus professional judgment should be used for verification.
What are the
dip strip urine drug testing kits like?
The dip strip
urine drug test kits contain a THC test cassette, a disposable sample
dropper and instructions for use. Other items required but not provided
in the kit are a specimen collection container and a clock or timer.
The subject of the test collects a urine specimen in the container.
Then the tester removes the test strip or test disk (depending on
the kit) from its foil pouch. Have the subject collect a urine specimen
in the container. The tester either dips the test strip into the
urine specimen or places the test disk on a dry, flat surface and
uses the dropper to drop two drops of the urine specimen into the
well located on the disk. Results can be interpreted in 3 to 5 minutes.
What is the
urine drug testing kit using the split cup like?
This test provides
a high-quality screening method with 99% accuracy. There is no need
for any additional materials and the tester does not have to handle
the urine sample. The subject of the test collects a urine sample
in the cup. The tester only has to turn the key to activate the
drug test cup. The test cup also includes an adulteration test to
check the integrity of the urine. With this drug test cup, the tester
can read the results at his or her convenience.
What is the
aerosol test like?
With this test
you can easily recognize suspicious substances aor detect and recognize
nanogramms of illegal substaces. It is 100% accurate drug testing
tools, but you can not prove to whom belongs the traces of drugs,
that you find on the surface of desk, steering wheel etc..
What about hair tests?
When 1.5 inch
long strands of hair cut close to the scalp are lab analyzed, a
drug history covering 90 days can be obtained. However, hair testing
is a very controversial new technology because of concerns that
it might be considered discriminatory and the results can be wrong
due to environmental contaminants. The National Institute of Drug
Abuse (NIDA) has done studies which show that some drug molecules
are attracted to the pigment melanin and adhere more strongly to
dark hair than they adhere to light hair.
What about saliva
Drugs show up
in saliva faster than they show up in urine, hair and sweat. Saliva
testing may reveal whether a person is high, making it a useful
post-accident test. Saliva testing is just beginning to be used,
so its effectiveness is yet to be determined.